Abstract: “Thought family” in “war and peace” of L. N. Tolstoy
“Thought family” in “war and peace” of L. N. Tolstoy
The words of famous writer, said about the main ideas of “War and peace” and “Anna Karenina”: in “War and peace” I loved the national idea, “Anna Karenina” family”. But this does not mean that “thought family” not present in “War and peace”.
Very hard to distinguish between “family” and “popular” idea in this work. The main idea is the thought of the world. Peace is love, harmony, but it is also separate realms of human Association. Unification of people is a family of secular circles and the company, regiment, a guerrilla unit, a company in the war, sometimes spontaneously arising community (e.g., prisoners in one barrack).The main human Association is the family. Tolstoy — a family writer in the sense that he almost never presents his characters alone, as, for example, Turgenev, Dostoevsky.
Characteristics of the main characters through their families — one of the main methods specifications of Tolstoy. Rostova create the background for Natasha. Andrei Bolkonsky is perceptive, picks, noting that Rostove don’t quite understand what a treasure Natasha, but “make the best background in order to separated this particularly poetic, full of life, pretty girl.” Family Bolkonsky — is another matter. Princess Mary too important in itself as an ideological character to feature her image could be reduced to the explanation of the image of her brother. But, of course, certain internal allusions between their characters is. The most important thing is that Princess Mary and Prince Andrew may disagree on very important issues — about the world, about forgiveness, about religion — and in this sense, as brother and sister Raskolnikov in Dostoevsky, reveal various aspects of the author’s position. Sometimes it seems that communication with my sister is for Prince Andrei, as well as conversations with Pierre, the essential spiritual nourishment for his arduous journey to the truth.
Father Prince Andrew is the background and explanation of the nature of a son and daughter, but the function of this image is not limited to this. Unlike Growth, it plays an important role in the plot and is interesting in itself as a character, somewhat reminiscent of Dostoevsky’s heroes. Madly loving daughter, all his life he tormented her with his exorbitant demands on her education, strength of character, talents. His daughter, of course, head and shoulders above others, but it’s still not enough. In the son it is, on the contrary, treating him with a certain coldness, sees the great man, but does everything to break, to cripple his life. And, of course, the tragic fate of the Bolkonsky-son of the important role played by his father, fatally destructive of the relationship of son, first with Lisa, then with Natasha.
Parents Rostova, on the contrary, be well advised, indulging in the will of God, and even their attempts to prevent the marriage of Nikolai and Sonya are lucky for Nicholas, it is thanks to the resistance of the mother postpone marrying Sonya and so happy then meet her true love.
Prince Andrew and Princess Mary mother, no, n their father, perhaps in the subconscious tries to compensate for this loss to their children’s active intervention in their lives, they suffer precisely because of its sverdlovelectro. It is also possible that, in contrast to the unassuming Growth, never, never dreamed of any state, old Prince Bolkonsky, General, occupies a prominent place at court, involved in politics, diplomacy, all of his is not wasted in this field of force was moved to the education of children when he was removed from office is overtaken by his disgrace.
Not only the family traits, but also family traits characterize the appearance of favorite characters of Tolstoy. Natasha is like her mother both in appearance and in character. Being married, it shows and thrift, and care for her husband and children. But there are also traits of the father — kindness, the desire to unite and bring happiness to all, the breadth of nature. No wonder the family she has always been a favorite of his father.
All Bolkonski describes a special talent, originality, and spirituality. Brother and sister Bolkonski inherited the passion and the depth of the nature of the father, but without his authority and intolerance. They are insightful, they deeply understand people, like my father, but not to them despised, and to sympathize. Unusual, glowing eyes all Bolkonsky — a sign of their spirituality. This family line (and hence traits) inherited from his father the son of Prince Andrew — Nicholas.
Favorite characters of Tolstoy’t imagine life without family, without children, all the favorite characters of the writer has children. And if a love story in world literature is constructed as the movement toward a happy ending, or separation and death of lovers, for Tolstoy the main thing — not what it was before the wedding, and family life of his characters.
The complex relationship of Prince Andrew with Lisa reflect the impressions of the first years family of Tolstoy’s life. The family of Pierre and Natasha in the epilogue — for example Tolstoy and his wife, the model that Tolstoy would like to see in your family. The family of Nicholas and Princess Mary — the perfect family example of family happiness. Not without reason are drawn to them all, and they all come under the roof of lysogorskaya estates: and Pierre, Denisov and the old Countess and Sonya, who found the meaning of life in the service of the house, and long ago orphaned nikolenka Bolkonsky… Even the peasants of the surrounding villages asking to buy their Growth and enable thus to their world. So popular thought connects with the thought of family, what was the purpose of the author.