Greek and Roman civilizations

Throughout history there have been many great empires. But none have made a greater impact than the Greek and Roman empires. These empires began as small city-states, and grew to become the powerful empires we know today. The Greek and Roman empires were not always enemies, considering the Romans were greatly Influenced by the Greek culture. The two collocations shared many similarities, but had different opinions on government operations. There are three different periods that span the history of the Greek and Roman empires; the Hellenic, Hellenic, and Roman civilization.

I will thoroughly examine the differences in religion, philosophy, societal struggles, territory expansion, trade, commerce and the decline of each time period of these civilizations. Hellenic Period The Hellenic period is often referred to as the Age of Classic Greece. The Age of Classic Greece started in 507 B. C. E. And lasted until the death of Alexander the Great In 323 B. C. E. This was a time of war, conflict, and evolution. The conflict started when the Persians attempted to take Greece. The Persians Intended on expanding their empire and they turned their eyes onto Athens.

After several battles the Athenians and the Spartan worked together to defeat the Persians, ending the war in 449 B. C. E. After the war the Athenians began to focus on their politics, economy, and culture. In 507 B. C. E an Athenian nobleman named Calisthenics created a new system of citizen self-governance called democratic. In this early democratic system, every male citizen that was older than 18 was able to join the alkies, or assembly. Alkies was the governing portions of Athens. Other legislators were chosen at random, not by election.

During the Persian war. Athens was also able to protect their distant Greek territories coming from Persian influence by producing an alliance names the Delia League. After the war the Delia League helped push Athens into the great Imperial powerhouse they are known for. The Hellenic age likewise relied heavily upon Its dominating culture. During typically the Age of Classic A holiday in greece many Athenian artists and thinkers emerged. Artists in addition to philosophers of this moment have made many essential contributions to the method western civilizations are leaped to this day.

The teachings of philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle have got dominated thought for partners of years and continue to remain strongly related this day. The artists with this time built many wats or temples and sculptures to worship the gods. The polytheistic Greek religion played a major part in the Hellenic period. Anyone who thus much as questioned or allegedly questioned the presence of the particular gods was susceptible to the particular death penalty. Even with all of these cultural developments the Athenians were incapable to keep political balance, bringing on the Peloponnesus war. The Spartan used arms against the Athenians and they also were no match.

The defeat in the Athenians brought disorder to the former empire, allowing the Macedonian King Phillip 2 and Alexander the Excellent to conquer Greece. Hellenic Period The Hellenic time period was essentially the development of the Hellenic period of time. The word Hellenic comes from the word Hellenize, which mean to speak or identify with the Greeks. Before Alexander the Great approved away, he built a great empire that I AWAY was developed in the span of 13 years. Alexander the Greatest generals break up his entire empire upward after his death, generating three dynasties called the Eclectics of Syria in addition to

Persia, the Ptolemaists of Egypt, plus the Villain of Greece and Miscuglio. These three dynasties were not united, but these people did have many items in common. Each of the Hellenic states were ruled by simply Kings who only preferred riches and popularity. The dynasties worked hard in order to create trade relationships that will spread all throughout the empire formally known since Alexandria. They ensured to be able to put their wealth from display, building elaborate ornement, making huge donations to be able to museums and zoos, creating extravagant sculptures. The individuals flowed smoothly throughout the

Hellenic kingdoms mainly because they talked and read the similar language. No matter where a person came from in the Hellenic regions, we were holding able to communicate along with anyone. Despite everyone linked there was still interpersonal disorder due to typically the sudden change in government policy. People were actively included the self-governed democratic federal government of the past. Now that citizens were yet again living in impersonal kingdoms ruled by bureaucrats, they will begun to feel alienated. Typically the Hellenic art and literature expressed the feelings associated with the citizens.

They began to develop and paint actual folks as opposed to the particular gods their ultra has been so centered around. The citizens also started to Become a member of random religions that assured immortality and individual riches. Even Hellenic philosophers centered their time on talking about individual happiness plus pleasure. The Hellenic period of time was an age reigned over by commercialism and cosmopolitanism. The Hellenic age finished at the Romans foot when the Roman Octavia defeated marc Anthony in the battle at Actinium. Roman Empire The Roman history began with a couple of deem gods known because Romulus and Reams. Romulus and Reams were the twin sons of Mars, the god of war.

Roman historical past dates that Romulus ultimately killed his brother Reams and was the 1st king of Rome, named after himself. As Ancient rome continued to produce it lost its monarchy style authorities in 509 B. Chemical. E and developed into a republic known as the Republic of Rome. Underneath the brand new republic government Rome continuing to develop both culturally and technologically. Rome was even burned to typically the ground in 390 M. C. E and concluded up rebounding and getting over the entire Italian peninsula. Rome was involved with a series of wars known as the Punic Wars with Cartage, that has been another powerful city-state within northern Africa.

They ended up busting Cartage in all about three wars and expanded their own republic. This expansion lead to the Romans approaching onto contact with more complex cultures like the Greeks. Romans benefited greatly coming from their contact with the Greeks, adopting their art, beliefs, and religion. After make contact with with the Greeks, the particular Romans began to build their culture exponentially, generating political issues. As the old methods for government began to fall towards the spend side turmoil and assault began to brew within the Republic. Warlords began to be able to dominate Rome and fight against each other for overall domination.

The italian capital changed forever when a new man named Octavia increased to power by conquering all of Romeos création. Octavia was the very first Roman emperor and presumed to role of Augustus. The Augustus restored Ancient rome to its former glory and ended all regarding the corruption that got taken place before. He or she ushered in a new era for the Aventure by However as produced as their culture got become the Romans could not escape themselves. After typically the first Augusts passed, Romans were plague by city wars. These civil wars cause inflation and typically the loss of providence’ t one by one.

Rome unfortunately hit bottom under its own excess weight. Unable to properly defend itself Rome fell to be able to a German prince named Advocacy, who won control over the Roman army in Italy. Conclusion Great cultures have come and gone through Greece, leaving an impact throughout history that will maintains relevant today. These cultures started out as small city-states, developing into fantastic empires. The impact of which these cultures have got on our western world is undeniable, from artwork, literature, to the development of the west. These cultures paved the way for that many cultures that adopted.

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