List of Some Irregular Verbs

The very description of the verb, “irregular” tells you that these verbs do not adhere to the established rules like other verbs do. They do not have a set standard which they follow; they follow their own rules. Now, regular verbs have three basic forms, namely, the present, which is also referred to as the base form, past, and the past particle. While a verb travels from the base form to the past tense, one usually tends to end it by affixing -ed to the verb and that’s exactly how it should be done. For example:

  • I always finish my work before time. (Base form)
  • He finished his work before time. (Past tense)
  • We have always finished our work before time. (Past participle)

On the other hand, irregular verbs do not end in -ed in either of the forms mentioned above. They are usually distinguished in three types.

  1. Verbs in which all the three forms remain intact or rather the same. (Such as the verb cut)
  2. Verbs in which two of the three forms are same. (Such as; sit -sat -sat)
  3. Verbs in which all three forms are different. (Such as; ring -rang -rung)

This means the verbal conjugation is not fixed, so you need to memorize the specific conjugation for the respective irregular verb. Since there are no rules or pattern one has to follow in order to learn the conjugation of these irregular verbs, all you have to do is keep your ears open and learn, so that you don’t misspeak. A firm grasp over these irregular verbs, displays your command over the language and as English speakers it is our responsibility to use these irregular verbs correctly. When you come across an irregular verb, note down all the possible conjugates and try to place them properly in all the three forms mentioned above while constructing a sentence. There are a little less than 200 verbs which are classified as irregular verbs, this article includes some of the most commonly used irregular verbs in English.

Irregular Verbs List

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Base FormPast TensePast Participle

A

AriseAroseArisen
AwakeAwokeAwoken
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B

BeatBeatBeaten
BecomeBecameBecome
BeWas / wereBeen
BeginBeganBegun
BendBentBent
BetBetBet
BiteBitBitten
BleedBledBled
BlowBlewBlown
BuyBoughtBought
BreedBredBred
BreakBrokeBroken
BringBroughtBrought
BuildBuiltBuilt
BurnBurnt / burnedBurnt / burned
BurstBurstBurst
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C

CatchCaughtCaught
ChooseChoseChosen
ComeCameCome
CostCostCost
CreepCreptCrept
CutCutCut
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D

DealDealtDealt
DoDidDone
DrawDrewDrawn
DreamDreamt / dreamedDreamt / dreamed
DriveDroveDriven
DrinkDrankDrunk
DigDugDug
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E

EatAteEaten
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F

FallFellFallen
FeedFedFed
FeelFeltFelt
FlyFlewFlown
ForbidForbadeForbidden
ForgiveForgaveForgiven
ForgetForgotForgotten
FightFoughtFought
FindFoundFound
FreezeFrozeFrozen
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G

GiveGaveGiven
GoWentGone
GetGotGot
GrowGrewGrown
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H

HaveHadHad
HearHeardHeard
HoldHeldHeld
HideHidHidden
HitHitHit
HangHungHung
HurtHurtHurt
Top

I

InbreedInbredInbred
InputInputInput
InterbreedInterbredInterbred
InterwindInterwoundInterwound
InterweaveInterwoveInterwoven
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K

KeepKeptKept
KnowKnewKnown
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L

LayLaidLaid
LieLayLain
LeapLeapt / leapedLeapt / leaped
LearnLearnt / learnedLearnt / learned
LeadLedLed
LeaveLeftLeft
LendLentLent
LeanLeant / leanedLeant / leaned
LetLetLet
LightLitLit
LoseLostLost
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M

MakeMadeMade
MeanMeantMeant
MeetMetMet
MistakeMistookMistaken
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O

OvertakeOvertookOvertaken
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P

PayPaidPaid
PutPutPut
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Q

QuitQuitQuit
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R

ReadReadRead
RideRodeRidden
RiseRoseRisen
RunRanRun
RingRangRung
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S

SaySaidSaid
SeeSawSeen
SendSentSent
SetSetSet
SewSewedSewn/sewed
ShakeShookShaken
ShineShoneShone
ShootShotShot
ShowShowedShown
ShrinkShrankShrunk
ShutShutShut
SleepSleptSlept
SmellSmelt / smelledSmelt / smelled
SellSoldSold
SpitSpatSpat
SpeedSpedSped
SpellSpeltSpelt
SpendSpentSpent
SpillSpilt / spilledSpilt / spilled
SplitSplitSplit
SpoilSpoilt / spoiledSpoilt / spoiled
SpeakSpokeSpoken
SpreadSpreadSpread
SpringSprangSprung
StealStoleStolen
StandStoodStood
StrikeStruckStruck
StickStuckStuck
StingStungStung
StinkStankStunk
SitSatSat
SinkSankSunk
SweepSweptSwept
SwearSworeSworn
SwimSwamSwum
SwingSwungSwung
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T

TakeTookTaken
TeachTaughtTaught
ThinkThoughtThought
ThrowThrewThrown
TellToldTold
TearToreTorn
Top

U

UnderstandUnderstoodUnderstood
Top

W

WeepWeptWept
WakeWokeWoken
WinWonWon
WearWoreWorn
WindWoundWound
WriteWroteWritten
Top

Well, to sum it all, English is the dominant language in global communication; hence, it is important for one to know the language well, it will take a bit of practice to master this language. Knowing the list of irregular verbs and using them correctly while talking or writing will display your mastery over the language.

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