Old and Middle English Literature

The Norman conquest of England began In 1066 and with It began a legacy that would transform he English literature entirely and make way for a new culture known as Norman England. The links created with France established sources for dispersing of Ideas and the merging of others. A new acquired taste In art was evident as well as the popular way to tell poetry through a song and dance. Old English Literature rooted from a heroic culture which established a sense of hierarchical system among the people.

A heroic culture was different from a Christian culture in the way social organization was established. The King or Lord was supposed to be a courageous and exemplary man while cowardice was abhorred. In a heroic culture women held no status and strongly believed in revenge as if it was a moral obligation. Another belief of during the literary time was that there was no after-life except in song celebrating valor and deeds. The collection of Old English Literature was preserved due to King Alfred.

The literature during the time was primarily oral since few people were literate. Texts were copied by hand by monks for monks since it was extremely expensive. The form of an Old English Prosody consisted of a single poetic unit divided in half by a Caesura each half containing two stresses. A main poetic rule was the sole use of alliteration instead of the traditional rhyme. Another popular source for secular Old English Literature was the inability to distinguish between factual history and legend.

These types of characteristics are transcribed well at “ Beowulf” by an anonymous Anglo-Saxon poet. Beowulf, the protagonist, is a new brave Seat who heroically battles a monster that has been terrorizing the particular residents Greened, Grenade’ t mother, and also a dragon. Typically the heavily alliterated poem carries on today to become one regarding the most prominent with regard to recognizing the Old The english language Literature some structure. Right after the Norman Invasion the particular Old English developed In to the brand new Middle English culture and language.

The effect of the church dominated highly on each aspect Including culture in addition to literature until the government became centralized and typically the King became head. Poetry now consisted of new terms and Ideas this kind of as Romance, Courtly adore, carol, allusion and allegory. Three groups of beautifully constructed wording were born from the particular Impact of the Intrusion which were religious, luxurious, and translations of Latina poems. Moral poems in addition to devotional poems were organised on Christian beliefs such as he Crucifixion plus the grief of the Virgin mobile Mother.

Poems Like “ Ye That will Passe by the Early, ” and “ A cry to Mary” request for people to become better Christians and in order to contemplate ratter than recommend Tort conversion. During 10 tale another popular contact form was your secular poem which usually was should have been sung rather than told like “ The Cuckoo Song” inside which six voices enjoy the coming of spring. Courtly love was likewise dominant in Middle The english language Literature as it was in “ Alison” by Francesco Patriarch. In the poem the speaker complains from the great pain the love he’s for Alison causes him.

Male-female romance is exaggerated and discussed in most of typically the poetry from your Middle British period at the same time. The Anglo-Saxon period did bring the lot of poems during the 1 lath and fifteenth centuries which can avidly be distinguished as the particular Norman Invasion took location. When the Norman emerged, they brought with these people a whole new culture plus language which can become seen in the poetry that is left behind. The replacement of conventional guidelines and Old English books with the Middle English was not a complete loss for tradition but also aided literature within becoming better and discovered another means.

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