The glass menagerie script analysis
?The Glass Menagerie Script Analysis I. The characters are in a middle-class apartment in St. Louis. There is a kitchen, living area, an upstairs, a door leading outside in the living area, and a fire escape. The apartment is in the back of the complex. References: pg. 1, II. The play takes place in a nonconcrete time in the future years of Tom Wingfield’s life, he is remembering back to the winter and spring of 1937. Begins with Tom in real time, goes back to real time at end. Cold weather influences costume choices, from coats to the dresses that they must be wearing whenever the gentleman caller comes.
III. Tom is the son of Amanda. Laura is the daughter of Amanda. Laura is Tom’s OLDER sister. Jim O’Connor works with Tom. Amanda was abandoned by her husband years ago. No one has a spouse. Tom supplies money for the family working for a show warehouse, but aspires to be a poet. Lower-middle class status. 1937 is just passed the middle of the Great Depression, the worst recession in America. All characters must be influenced in this, perhaps mostly Tom (explaining his thoughts and career in a shoe warehouse and how hard it is to be a poet at this time. President is Franklin D. Roosevelt. *Lacking direct citations* but they are all Christian and find being Christian a likeable factor. Family is obviously huge, this family is still together despite dad leaving and the Depression. The only man of the family, Tom, is expected to provide for them all. Laura, the young female of the family, is expected to find a well-off man and marry into another family where she will begin her own family. Sex seems to be something that lacks specifics – like it should be waited on until marriage.
A lady should be very proper and beautiful and work t impress the man, and the man should be a true gentleman and work to provide for the family. IV. It is unknown how many years have passed before Tom is thinking back to everything that has happened in the past. It can possibly be assumed that the Great Depression has ended and America’s economy is climbing back to what it once was, and President Roosevelt may still be in term if it is before 1945. Historically, there is the context of his serving 12 years vs. veryone else’s two terms. World War II could very well be going on, having been at it’s heights from 1939 to 1945. For before when most of the action has taken place, Laura was born a cripple. There are mentions of her and Tom’s high school throughout the show. Amanda was left by her husband who worked for the telephone services years ago. In the recent past, Tom has been going out to the movies late at night and drinking. V. The characters, for the most part, are not in revolt against their world.
Amanda is happy with what the family has and expects things to stay about the same, with the exception that she deeply wants to marry Laura off to a man that can support her. Laura seems content with her current life and is not very interested in finding the gentleman caller that Amanda is searching for. Tom is the most upset about his current life, with dreams of being a poet and not working at a shoe warehouse just to support the family. He has thoughts of leaving just like his dad did. At the end of the memory, Tom finally leaves.
The beginning that is in real time may be Tom looking back on the event, as if he has still not gone back. Through Laura’s experience with Jim O’Connor, it is not likely that she will like to continue searching for and going on dates with gentleman callers. VI. What Is the Function of Each Character? 1. The Protagonist for the show as a whole is Tom. He is having a conflict within himself, causing him to look back an remember the events that these memories cover. Within the memories, Laura is the Protagonist. 2. Tom is the Antagonist to himself in real-time.
He presents the conflict to himself when the past him left. During the memories, Amanda is the Antagonist because she creates the conflict against Laura. Amanda tells Laura that she must find a gentleman caller, and the memories follow the events before, during, and after the caller comes. The necessity of the caller is the conflict, presented by the Antagonist Amanda. 3. Tom is an obvious lead, going through the memories, supplying for the family, going off at night causing family tension, leading to him leaving the family which causes him years later to look back on this life-changing moment.
Laura is a Leading role, being the focus on the conflict of needing a gentleman caller despite not wanting one. She then becomes enamored by Jim O’Connor, and is left hopeless again once he leaves. Jim O’Conner comes in looking like the one to finally be for Laura. But once they become intimate, he confesses his marital status, showing that he really did care for Laura but that he can’t act upon it. This is different than his actions leading up to this moment. Amanda is the only possible Supporting character because her views don’t hardly change from the beginning to the end of the memory.
She is mainly concerned with finding Laura a man in the beginning and is once again at the end, although she is also concerned with the safety and health of Tom (surrounding him going out at night and drinking). She just wants what she believes what will be best for the family, but she is close-minded about it and doesn’t open up to change – acting as a constant force against the Protagonist. 4. Amanda was onced a stereotypical southern belle and wishes Laura to be that way now. VII. What Is the Dialog Mode? The script is full of Naturalistic dialog.
There may be slight difference in the way that the characters speak – like the way Tom is very straight to the point versus Amanda going into many details (ie talking about flowers). Ambiguity surrounds Laura in particular. She will tell Amanda that she wants a gentleman caller, but she really just wants to be happy and accepted. Her fear of not being accepted was shown in her immediate distaste in meeting Jim whenever she found out that it was him, the one guy that she had a crush on in high school. VIII. What Is the Play’s Dramatic Action?
OR This is The Day That What Happens? The inciting incident within the story is Tom promising Amanda to get Jim O’Connor to come to dinner so he can see and meet Laura. This is the day that a gentleman caller – one that Laura used to have a crush on – finally comes. There are themes of abandonment throughout the show. Laura is abandoned by the gentleman caller when Jim leaves after confessing about his wife. Amanda has been betrayed by her husband and it seems to still influence her. Tom goes through abandoning his family to pursue his own goals in life.